SIMON,  called PETER








Simon’s father was Jonah or John (John 16:17)

He was the brother of Andrew, the disciple

He was a partner in a fishing business with James  (Luke 5:10)

He was the general spokesman for the group, therefore the oldest.  This is based upon the tradition that the oldest of the group becomes the spokesman for the group.

He seemed to be loudest and also the most loyal.


Scripture background:


Matthew 10:3;  Mark 3:18;  Luke 6:14;  Acts 1:13


Questions asked:


Matthew 18:21  “Then Peter came to Jesus and asked, ‘Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother when he sins against me?  Up to seven times?’”


Matthew 19:27 “Peter answered him, ‘We have left everything to follow you,.  What then will there be fore us?’”


Luke 12:41 “Peter asked, ‘Lord, are you telling this parable to us, or to everyone?’”


John 13:6 “He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, ‘Lord are you going to wash my feet?’”


John 13:24,25  “Simon Peter motioned to this disciple and said, ‘Ask him which one he means.’


Acts 10:21  “Peter went down and said to the men, ‘I’m the one you’re looking for.  Why have you come?’”


Scriptural stories:


Jarius’ daughter restored

Denies Jesus – tears of remorse

Confronts Simon Magus

Raises Dorcus to live

Imprisoned by Herod – arrested and beaten

Walks on water

He was at the Transfiguration

Runs to the tomb.




Place of service:


Babylon, England, Italy and France


Place and manner of death:


Rome. He was crucified head down.  He said he was unworthy to die the other way as was Jesus.  Jesus had predicted the violent death for him. (John 21:18,19, 2 Peter 1:14)




The Crucifixion of Peter         





It is said he was 75 years old.


Interesting facts:


Never a Pope.  He called himself a fellow bishop, but never lord of the Bishops.

He wrote the books of 1 Peter and 2 Peter in the Bible.

He was a successful business man.

A leader among Jewish Christians.  (Paul was the leader among the Gentiles.)

Peter was not in Rome when Paul addressed his book to the Romans, because there is no mention of Peter.

He was rebuked by Paul (Gal. 2:11-14)  This was a cutting rebuke in public, but appropriate for Peter who had gone back again on his master.  Remember this was the man Peter before Pentecost who was living in fear and torment.  He had lost some of his boldness…but no man is infallible.  (1 Cor. 10:13)

He curses - (Matthew 26:74)

He did carry “a gun” (sword)  (Mark 14:47, Luke 22:38)

Peter gave a triple confession. (John 21:15-17).  This is interesting in light of his 3 denials.

Jesus did predict his death.  (John 212:18-19)



Traditional comments:


He traveled extensively with his wife.

After following Jesus for awhile, he returned to the fishing business, before embarking on his mission.


After arriving in Rome during a heavy persecution he saw many Christians martyred.  Outside Rome he once saw a man carrying a cross to the place of execution and Peter said, “I will go with you.”


Shields and emblems:



He asked to be crucified upside down because he felt unworthy to be crucified as his Lord. The keys represent Jesus' saying, "I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven."