Lebbaeus, surnamed THADDAEUS
Jude is the Greek form of Judah = Praised
Thadaeus = dear or beloved
Judas was the brother (?) of James, the son of Aklphaeus. If so this would make another set of brothers.
Matt. 10:3, he is called Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus. In Mark 3:18 he is called Thaddaeus. Luke, in Luke 6:16 refers to him as Judas. Acts 1:13 he is called Judas and in John 14:22, he is called Judas. (The historian, St. Jerome, calls him the man with 3 names.)
John 14:22 “then Judas (not Judas Iscariot) said, ‘But Lord, why do you intend to show yourself to us and not to the world.?’” This indicates he expected a Messiah and didn’t understand about the Kingdom in the heart. Maybe this was the last question asked Jesus before his prayer vigil in the Garden.
Place of service:
Samaria, Persia, Syria, Mesopotamia, Armenia, Edessa (Turkey and part of Southern Russia)
He was the first patriarch of the Armenian church. It is said that Bartholome worked with him for awhile
Place and manner of death:
The date is set at 72 A.D. and that he was 75 years old.
In Persia he was shot by a javelin or arrows.
Others say he was beaten to death by a pagan priest. In Armenia where he was martyred along with 1,000 others.
His body was buried in Edessq (city in Armenia) but was removed because of threat of the Mongolian invasion of Genghis Khan.
.He was present on the Day of Pentecost
There is a Gospel According to Thaddaeus
The Church of the East in India contains a statement which confirms the movement of Jude from Jerusalem eastward. The church makes a claim that the leaven which they use in their Communion bread is made from the “Holy Leaven…a portion of the original bread used by Christ at the Last Supper. It was brought to the East by the Apostle Thaddaeus.
Shields and emblems:
Traditions vary as to his field of missionary work. he is reputed to have traveled with Simon.